Tooth Extraction: What You Need to Know

30 August 2016
 Categories: Dentist, Blog


If you visit your dentist and they recommend that you have a tooth extraction, you may have some concerns. Below is a brief guide to the most common reasons for tooth extractions, what you can expect if you undergo a tooth extraction and a list of things you should inform your dentist about before beginning the treatment.

What to expect when undergoing a tooth extraction

Your dentist will first administer a local anaesthesia to the area around the tooth which is to be extracted. If the tooth is impacted and hard to reach, your dentist may have to remove bone and gum tissue which are covering the tooth. Your dentists will then use a range of tools such as forceps to extract the tooth. Once the extraction is complete, your dentist will use sterile gauze to pad the site of the extraction.

Common reasons for tooth extractions

  • Tooth Decay: If your tooth is suffering from extreme levels of decay, the only way to prevent the spread of bacterial infection and the associated pain may be extraction.
  • Overcrowded Mouth: If your mouth is becoming overcrowded, you dentist may extract some of your teeth in order to create space. This will also allow the dentist to realign the remaining teeth. 
  • Infection: If your tooth becomes damaged, bacteria may infect the pulp within the tooth. Your pulp contains a large number of nerves and blood vessels. If this infection cannot be treated by root canal treatment, you may require a tooth extraction.
  • Treatment for Other Medical Conditions: If you are preparing to receive treatments such as organ transplant or chemotherapy, any infection could put your health at risk. If you develop any signs of infection while undergoing these treatments it is likely your dentist will recommend you have the tooth extracted.
  • Periodontal Disease: Periodontal disease can affect the tissues and bones which support your teeth. If you are suffering from advanced periodontal disease, it may be necessary for your dentist to extract teeth.

Things to make your dentist aware of

Tooth extractions can allow bacteria to enter your bloodstream and could cause the surrounding tissue to become infected. If you suffer from a congenital heart defect, liver disease, bacterial endocarditis, or have had an artificial joint replacement, you should make your dentist aware of your medical history before you have a tooth extracted.

If you have any questions of concerns about your dental health, contact a dentist today.